Turkmenistan occupies an area of 488,100 km², compared it is slightly smaller than Spain, or slightly larger than the US state of California. About 70% of the country is covered by the uninhabitated Karakum, a desert with a barren flat-to-rolling landscape and sand dunes, the terrain is rising to the Turkmen-Khorasan Mountain Range (Kopet Dag) in south west, the mountains separate the country from Iran. Highest point is Aýrybaba with 3,138 m (10,295 ft), situated in the Köýtendag Range on the border with Uzbekistan.
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